Home  |  Visitor information  |  Contact us  |  Facilities  |  Vacancies  |  Tenders  |  Links     
 Anglo-Boer War Museum
An agency of the Department of Arts and Culture
 Museum  National Women's Memorial  Exhibitions  Collections  Research  Education  What's on

Research


Introduction to the War


Concentration Camp System

The guerrilla phase not only prolonged the war a further eighteen months but escalated it until it spread across almost the whole of South Africa. During this period several incursions led by various Boer generals, e.g. Generals CR de Wet, J C Smuts and JMB Hertzog into the Cape Colony took place. The war was finally quelled only through the severe tactics of the new British commander in chief, Lord Kitchener. He exhausted the Boers by devastating the farms that had sustained the Boers with a so-called scorched earth policy and by placing women and children, both black and white in concentration camps. He also built a formidable line of blockhouses that bisected the countryside and started flushing out the guerrillas in a series of systematic drives with success defined in a weekly bag of killed, wounded and captured.


Rice Blockhouse

Captain March Phillips vividly describes what the difficulties were that confronted the British Army during the last phase of the war: "As for our wandering columns, they have about as much chance of catching the Boers on the veldt as a Lord Mayor's procession would have of catching a highwayman on Hounslow Heath...[the Boers] are all around and about us like water round a ship, parting before our bows and renting round our stern. Our passage makes no impression and leaves no visible trace".

Topics

Introduction to the War
Role Players and Figures
Concentration Camps
Prisoners of War
Chronology of the War


Introduction to the War
Republican Strategy
First British Offensive
Black Week of the British Army
Second British Offensive
The Mobile War Begins
The Guerrilla War
Concentration Camp System
Peace Treaty of Vereeniging


Top of the page   Bookmark and Share    
Contact: museum@anglo-boer.co.za - (051) 447-3447 and (051) 447-0079
Copyright © 2017 War Museum of the Boer Republics. All rights reserved